Rochdale is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines in the dale on the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.

Rochdale’s wealth was founded on textiles, beginning in the Middle Ages based on domestic manufacture. Dame Gracie Fields, DBE (born Grace Stansfield; 9 January 1898 – 27 September 1979) was an English actress, singer and comedian and star of both cinema and music hall hailing from Rochdale.

In 1832 he weavers founded the Rochdale Friendly Co-operative Society and in 1833 opened their own shop at 15 Toad Lane.