Roger can safely hold the title as the First Lord of Lancashire and was the third son of Roger de Montgomery, the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

Soon after the Norman Conquest, King William began to allocate lands to his followers, Lancashire was targeted for having particularly rebellious locals whom the new King wished to subdue.

According to Baines, “he left no art untried to root out the ancient nobility, to curb the power of the established clergy and to reduce the commonality to the lowest state of penury and dependence”.

Roger was given control of all the lands lying between the Mersey and the Ribble as well as the Craven district of what is now Yorkshire.  In all, it is estimated he was in control of three hundred and ninety eight manors and Roger ranked among the so called ‘Capitales Barons’ holding immediately from the crown of William.

The King would reclaim the lands back for the Crown around 1086, probably due to his ‘defection from the Royal cause’ but they would return to Roger’s hands around 1090 and would be extended north of Morecambe Bay, an area in the southern lakes that would remain part of Lancashire until 1974.

Roger would consolidate his power and choose Lancaster as his base where he would build the first castle

However his participation in a disastrous rebellioon against Henry I, led by Robert Duke of Normandy, would lead to the end of his lands and power in 1102 when he was forced to leave the country and return to Normandy.

The lands, then known as the Honour of Lancashire were then regranted to Stephen de Blois, later to become King Stephen, by his uncle Henry I.

Under Stephen’s reign as King the two halves parted, the lands to the North granted to David, King of Scotland, the South to Randle Gernons Earl of Chester.

On the succession of Henry II they were reunited and given to Stephen’s son, William Earl of Warrenne and Count of Bologne.


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